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inherent


Here's a verb we don't see every day: "inhere." It means to belong to something, to be a natural part of something, to exist within something.

So, something inherent is a basic, natural, permanent, characteristic part of something else.

Pronunciation:
in HAIR unt
(or, if you prefer, "in HERE unt")

Part of speech:
Adjective.
(Adjectives are describing words, like "large" or "late."
They can be used in two ways:
1. Right before a noun, as in "an inherent quality."
2. After a linking verb, as in "It was inherent.")

Other forms worth knowing:
inherently; inherence/inherency

How to use it:
This word is very common and a bit formal.

It can be positive, negative, or neutral; that is, we talk about inherent dangers and problems just as often as we talk about inherent joys and advantages. Other things to talk about include a person's inherent talents, a place's inherent beauty, an idea's inherent appeal, a publication's inherent bias, and so on.

Often we talk about some aspect, quality, feature, or attitude inherent in a person, thing, field, issue, or period of time:
     the love of beauty inherent in a poet,
     the calm efficiency inherent in a waiter or waitress,
     the economic risks inherent in enormous companies,
     the tension and drama inherent in a stage play,
     the problems of apathy and underfunding inherent in local government,
     the rebelliousness inherent in adolescence.


You can also say that things are inherent to people and things. But that phrase seems less common, especially in the United States.

examples:
After he heard the bad news, hours elapsed in the same kind of blurry, unreal jumps inherent in dreams; one moment he was holding the phone, the next the sun was down and the room was dark, the next he realized he was in the shower, his socks still on.


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