Verb > Bear

Verb > Bear

1 : to accept or endure (something)

(+ object)

He bore (=tolerated) their insults patiently.

— usually used in questions and negative statements with can, can’t, could, and couldn’t

He could hardly bear (=stand) the pain.

I can’t bear cold weather. (=I strongly dislike cold weather)

I couldn’t bear the suspense.

(no object) (US) — + for

I couldn’t bear for you to get the wrong idea.

2 (+ object) : to be worthy of (something) : to deserve or allow (something)

a joke too silly to bear repeating (=a joke that is too silly to be worth repeating)

It’s so horrible it doesn’t bear thinking about! (=it’s so horrible that I don’t want to think about it)

a symphony that can bear comparison with Beethoven’s best

3 (+ object) : to assume or accept (something, such as cost or responsibility)

The company agreed to bear the costs/expenses.

The criminals must bear full responsibility for the deaths of these innocent people.

Who will bear the blame for this tragedy?

4 (+ object) somewhat formal + literary : to move while holding up and supporting (something) : CARRY

The demonstrators bore banners and sang songs.

They arrived bearing gifts.

The leaves were borne aloft/away by the wind.

– If something is borne in on/upon you, it is made very clear to you. This is a formal phrase.

It was borne in on us by the new evidence that prompt action was very important. (=the new evidence strongly indicated that prompt action was very important)

5 (+ object)

a : to have (something) as a feature or characteristic

His leg was badly injured in the accident and it still bears (=shows) the scars/wounds/marks.

His face bears marks/signs of suffering.

Your conclusion bears (=has) no relation to the evidence.

She bore a resemblance to her aunt. (=she looked like her aunt)

b : to have a surface on which something is written, drawn, etc.

The cornerstone bears a Latin inscription.

a letter bearing the date of 1900

a shield bearing strange symbols

c : to have (a name, price, etc.)

He bore the name (of) John.

The store sells imported goods bearing (=having, with) high prices.

d : to have or hold (a feeling) in the mind

She still bears a grudge against him. = She still bears him a grudge.

She says she bears him no resentment for the way he treated her.

I can’t deny the love I still bear (=feel) for her.

6 (+ object)

a formal : to give birth to (a child)

She has borne three children.

She has borne her husband three children.

b : to produce (something)

a bank account that bears interest = an interest-bearing bank account

a bush that bears red flowers

trees that bear fruit

7 (+ object) : to support the weight of (something)

How much weight is that wall able to bear?

8 (no object) : to go, move, or turn in a specified direction

Bear south.

The road bears (to the) right.

When you get to the fork in the road, you should bear (=turn) left.